Treating Macular Degeneration
Untreated macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of blindness in those over 65 years old. While researchers have not yet discovered a cure for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), there are treatment options which prevent the disease from progressing to blindness, and in some cases, they can even improve vision. It’s important to have an open discussion with your eye doctor about the risks and limitations of AMD treatments.
Types of Macular Degeneration:There are 2 basic types of AMD, the wet form and the dry form.
Dry macular degeneration
is considered the less aggressive form of AMD. It typically progresses much more slowly, and the level of eyesight damage is less severe. Dry AMD is detected during routine eye exams, which is why it’s important to have yearly testing. Treating Dry AMD often involves AREDS 2 antioxidants, which have been shown to slow disease progression.
Wet macular degeneration
is the more severe form of AMD. It occurs when abnormal blood vessel growth (angiogenesis) leads to bleeding inside the retinal layers. When this process starts, blindness can occur if treatment isn’t initiated. Treatments include an AMD medication injected directly into the eye to inhibit angiogenesis.